Ajanta and Ellora Caves

Ajanta and Ellora Caves



Ajanta:

Ajanta Caves

Most of these caves were constructed under the patronage of Hindu kings and they are a testament to a much more glorious past when Buddhism was at its peak.


What a glorious past it was, years and years and many treasures went into the making of this symbol of faith. 


The gates are in a wooded and rugged and horseshoe shape ravine.  There are 29 caves and all, these caves are mainly either payer halls or they are Viharas, the residents of monks.
 

Read About: Bhimbetka rock caves



The walls in the ceiling of the prayer halls have intricate paintings and sculptures, depicting scenes from Buddha’s life. 



The caves are very dimly lit as conservationists are trying to protect the ancient paintings from artificial light. 


Some of these images are very familiar. The most commonly photographed image is the calm and serene expression of the graceful bodhisattva.
 

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While some caves have paintings other are exquisitely carved. At the end of a tall pillared hall in one of the caves, there is a school. 

These were the prayer halls monks gathered to invite the teachings of Buddha. The Ajanta caves are also home to the famous reclining Buddha.

 

There is plenty to see in Ajanta the cave’s unique paintings and intricate carvings, and all of this was once buried under the earth only to be discovered in the 19th century so that the future generation can get a glimpse of the golden period of Buddhism. 


Read About: Caves of Altamira





Ellora:



Ellora Caves_psartworks.in
Ellora Caves

The Ellora caves are not what the name suggests, in fact, they are structures cut into hills. In all, there are 34 structures comprising of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain temples and monasteries. 


The 12 Buddhist cave 17 Hindu cave and 5 Jain caves are carved out of the same hill. Built between 5th to 10thcenturies the caves required years of planning and execution by many generations. 


The construction was completed during the rule of Rastrakutas kings. Of all these perhaps the jewel in the crown is the Kailash Nath’s temple, which took nearly a hundred years to be carved out of a single piece of rock. 


Two carved columns and two huge elephants stand guard at the entrance. The temple is entirely surrounded by pillared corridors. The walls of the corridors are decorated with six to seven feet high sculptures of the different avatars of Shiva. 


We can see him in every mood, meditating and slaying demons in here. Only a few patches of the original color remain, the rest is faded. 

The temple has a huge statue of Shiva, bull, Nandi, and on the upper story, while the ‘Shivlinga’ sits in the center of the main chamber. There are Buddhist viharas and chaityas or prayer halls next to the Hindu caves

One of the most impressive chaityas has a stupa with a seated Buddha. This cave is also popularly known as carpenter’s room as the roof has been carved to give it a wooden look. 

The Jain caves are about a kilometer away. They are smaller but with very detailed carvings. The main is called ‘Chota Kailash’ (small Kailash) and it easy to understand why. 

The temple has many figures of ‘Parshu Ram’ and ‘Mahaveer’ and of course ‘Yaksha’ and ‘Yakshini’ the attendant deities.



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Pablo Picasso 4. Salvador Dali 5. Frida Kahlo




Indian Artist

1.G.R. Santosh  2. Jai Zharotia 3. Ramkinkar Vaij 4. Dhan Raj Bhagat 5. Somnath Hore 6. Raja Ravi Varma 7. Ratnabali Kant 8. Satish Gujral  9. Anjolie Ela Menon 10. Jagdish Swaminathan   11. Bishamber Khanna  12. Shanti Dave  13. Om Prakash  14. A Ramachandran 15. Arpita Singh 16. Gulam Mohammad Sheikh  17. Biren De  18. Manjit Bawa 19. Gogi Saroj Pal  20. Arpana Caur 21. Vivan Sundaram  22.Amar Nath Sehgal 23. Jatin Das  24.Meera Mukherjee 25. P. V. Janakiram 26. Ved Nayar 27. Mrinalini Mukherjee  28. Lydia Mehta 29. Krishna Reddy 30. Surindra Chadha 31. Anupam Sud 32. Sankho Chaudhuri 33. Gaganendranath Tagore 34. Rabindranath Tagore 35. Nandalal Bose  36. Abanindranath Tagore 37. Jamini Roy 38. Amrita Sher-Gil 39. A. R. Chughtai  40. Zainul Abedin 41. George Keyt 42. M.F. Husain 43. Binod Bihari Mukharji 44. K. G. Subramanyan  45. Krishen Khanna  46. Tyeb Mehta  47. Ram Kumar 48. Pran Nath Mago 49. F.N. Souza 50. B.C.Sanyal 51. K.S.Kulkarni 52. HarKrishan Lal 53. Jahangir Sabavala 54. Sailoz Mukherjee 55. N. S. Bendre  56. K.K.Hebbar 57. Bimal Das Gupta  


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