Beginning of civilization

Beginning of civilization

Beginning of
Beginning of civilization

People lived in small groups and moved from place to place in search of food during most of the prehistoric periods

They hunted, fished as well as gathered wild plants. 

Read About: Ancient Civilization

Around 9000 BC the development of agriculture began with a growing of crops and the domestication of animals in the Middle East. 

As the prehistoric people were also better farmers as they began to produce enough food to support larger villages. In due course of time, some farming villages developed into the first cities. 

Food was plenty and more and people began to take up other occupations. They began to develop the arts, crafts, trade and other activities of civilized life. 

Read About: Bhimbetka rock caves

Beginning of
Beginning of civilization

Read About: The history of Aegean Civilization | Early, Middle, and Late Bronze Age

Agriculture also led to social and technological changes. Whole and the sickle and some other farming implements were developed by the farmers to make their work easier. 

The invention of farming paved the way for the development of civilization. The word civilization comes from the Latin ‘service’ which means a citizen of a city. 

Civilization consists of the art customs, technology form of government, and everything else that makes up the way of life in society. 

Read About: Mesopotamian Art

Ancient civilization refers to the way of life that existed around the Mediterranean Sea beginning before 3000 BC and ending with the fall of Rome in 476 AD.  

Early civilization arose and flourished in the river valleys for various reasons.

Beginning of
Beginning of civilization

One of the reasons being that the soil of the river valley is very fertile, hence agriculture was easier here than elsewhere. 

It was very easy to sink wells or dig canals in the soft soil of these rivers. 

Read About: Indus valley civilization | Mohenjo-daro | city of Indus Valley

They could get fooled by fishing, grow crops and could get soft clay for building their houses. 

The inhabitants of this place could use the rivers to go from place to place in their crude boats. 

Transportation and communication were easy. The earlier civilizations arose in the river valleys of Asia and Africa between 3500 BC and the 1700 species. 

The earliest of them all is the civilization that was born in the valley of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates in Mesopotamia.  

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Pablo Picasso 4. Salvador Dali 5. Frida Kahlo

Indian Artist

1.G.R. Santosh  2. Jai Zharotia 3. Ramkinkar Vaij 4. Dhan Raj Bhagat 5. Somnath Hore 6. Raja Ravi Varma 7. Ratnabali Kant 8. Satish Gujral  9. Anjolie Ela Menon 10. Jagdish Swaminathan   11. Bishamber Khanna  12. Shanti Dave  13. Om Prakash  14. A Ramachandran 15. Arpita Singh 16. Gulam Mohammad Sheikh  17. Biren De  18. Manjit Bawa 19. Gogi Saroj Pal  20. Arpana Caur 21. Vivan Sundaram  22.Amar Nath Sehgal 23. Jatin Das  24.Meera Mukherjee 25. P. V. Janakiram 26. Ved Nayar 27. Mrinalini Mukherjee  28. Lydia Mehta 29. Krishna Reddy 30. Surindra Chadha 31. Anupam Sud 32. Sankho Chaudhuri 33. Gaganendranath Tagore 34. Rabindranath Tagore 35. Nandalal Bose  36. Abanindranath Tagore 37. Jamini Roy 38. Amrita Sher-Gil 39. A. R. Chughtai  40. Zainul Abedin 41. George Keyt 42. M.F. Husain 43. Binod Bihari Mukharji 44. K. G. Subramanyan  45. Krishen Khanna  46. Tyeb Mehta  47. Ram Kumar 48. Pran Nath Mago 49. F.N. Souza 50. B.C.Sanyal 51. K.S.Kulkarni 52. HarKrishan Lal 53. Jahangir Sabavala 54. Sailoz Mukherjee 55. N. S. Bendre  56. K.K.Hebbar 57. Bimal Das Gupta  

Female Artists:

1.Amrita Sher-Gil  2. Arpana Caur  3. Anupam Sud   4. Lydia Mehta   5. Mrinalini Mukherjee   6. Meera Mukherjee   7. Ratnabali Kant

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