They hunted, fished as well as gathered wild plants.
Read About: Ancient Civilization
Around 9000 BC the development of agriculture began with a growing of crops and the domestication of animals in the Middle East.
As the prehistoric people were also better farmers as they began to produce enough food to support larger villages. In due course of time, some farming villages developed into the first cities.
Food was plenty and more and people began to take up other occupations. They began to develop the arts, crafts, trade and other activities of civilized life.
Read About: Bhimbetka rock caves
|Beginning of civilization|
Agriculture also led to social and technological changes. Whole and the sickle and some other farming implements were developed by the farmers to make their work easier.
The invention of farming paved the way for the development of civilization. The word civilization comes from the Latin ‘service’ which means a citizen of a city.
Civilization consists of the art customs, technology form of government, and everything else that makes up the way of life in society.
Read About: Mesopotamian Art
Ancient civilization refers to the way of life that existed around the Mediterranean Sea beginning before 3000 BC and ending with the fall of Rome in 476 AD.
Early civilization arose and flourished in the river valleys for various reasons.
|Beginning of civilization|
One of the reasons being that the soil of the river valley is very fertile, hence agriculture was easier here than elsewhere.
It was very easy to sink wells or dig canals in the soft soil of these rivers.
They could get fooled by fishing, grow crops and could get soft clay for building their houses.
The inhabitants of this place could use the rivers to go from place to place in their crude boats.
Transportation and communication were easy. The earlier civilizations arose in the river valleys of Asia and Africa between 3500 BC and the 1700 species.
The earliest of them all is the civilization that was born in the valley of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates in Mesopotamia.
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1.G.R. Santosh 2. Jai Zharotia 3. Ramkinkar Vaij 4. Dhan Raj Bhagat 5. Somnath Hore 6. Raja Ravi Varma 7. Ratnabali Kant 8. Anjolie Ela Menon 10. Jagdish Swaminathan 11. Bishamber Khanna 12. Shanti Dave 13. Om Prakash 14. A Ramachandran 15. Arpita Singh 16. Biren De 18. Arpana Caur 21. Amar Nath Sehgal 23. Jatin Das 24.Meera Mukherjee 25. P. V. Janakiram 26. Ved Nayar 27. Mrinalini Mukherjee 28. Lydia Mehta 29. Krishna Reddy 30. Surindra Chadha 31. Anupam Sud 32. Sankho Chaudhuri 33. Gaganendranath Tagore 34. Rabindranath Tagore 35. Nandalal Bose 36. Abanindranath Tagore 37. Jamini Roy 38. Amrita Sher-Gil 39. A. R. Chughtai 40. Zainul Abedin 41. George Keyt 42. M.F. Husain 43. Binod Bihari Mukharji 44. K. G. Subramanyan 45. Krishen Khanna 46. Tyeb Mehta 47. Ram Kumar 48. Pran Nath Mago 49. Jahangir Sabavala 54. K.K.Hebbar 57. Bimal Das Gupta