Indus Valley | Mohenjo-Daro | City Of Indus Valley
The Indian peninsula is a huge landmass with strong natural defenses, in the north the east and the west there are great mountain ranges and in the center is the wild Deccan plateau.
|Indus Valley Civilization|
It is to the north of this in the fertile planes of Indus and Ganges that we find the heart of ancient Indian civilization. Here we find the earliest evidence of a nation thousands of years old. Indian civilization is one of the oldest in the world.
Up until the 1920s, archeologists thought that the story of India began around 1500 BC with the arrival of the invaders from central Asia known as Aryans but in 1922 archeologists began to make some amazing discoveries in the valley of river Indus.
They were farmers who could breed cattle, goats, pigs, and elephants. They grew wheat, barley, and cotton, they were also skilled in metalwork and jewelry making and they knew how to trade. At the heart of the port of Lothal was a magnificent dock.
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Shops and domestics homes lined these roads and they were all built from brick. But it is the efficient systems of drain and sewers that reveals just how sophisticated Indus life was. Around 2000 BC the Indus valley civilization started to decline.
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The Aryans may or may not have been responsible for the demise of the Indus people.
|Indus valley civilization|
Mohenjo-Daro: the city of Indus Valley:
|Mohenjo-Daro-The Great Bath|
The ancient city of Mohenjo-Daro is one of the first urban centers in human history. Nestled in southern Pakistan’s Indus River valley, Mohenjo-Daro is the largest and best-preserved city of the Indus valley civilization. The earliest known civilization of the Indian subcontinent.
|Wells in Mohenjo-Daro|
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Houses had baths and toilets and the town featured both an elaborate sewage system and freshwater and 700 wells throughout the city. Some of the history’s most famous waterway system was not constructed until many hundreds of years after Mohenjo-Daro scrape baths like Roman baths.
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The city’s second district the lower town may demonstrate the society’s egalitarian structure. The lower town with its intricate water system was home to between 20,000 to 40,000 people.
Unlike many urban areas of its time, it was laid out in a grid system similar to modern-day city blocks. After approximately 600 years the city collapsed, no one is sure why but the cause could potentially have been a change within the culture or in the path of the river.
In 1911 nearly 4000 years after the city fell into ruin, the archeologists paid their first visit.
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