Fauvism | Influence on Fauvism

Characteristics of Fauvism 


Fauvism was the first significant movement of modern art in the twentieth century and was at first motivated by artists like Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat, and Paul Cezanne. The Fauves (“wild beasts”) were a roughly unified group of French painters with shared interests. 

A few of them, including Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, and Georges Rouault, had been followers of the Symbolist artist Gustave Moreau and appreciated the more established artist‘s prominence on individual expression. 

Matisse rose as the pioneer of the group, whose members shared the utilization of serious shading as a vehicle for depicting light and space, and who reclassified pure color shading and form as methods for conveying the artist’s passionate state. In such matters, Fauvism became a vital predecessor to Cubism and Expressionism and abstraction.

"The Hungry lion throws itself on the Antelope", 1905, Henri Rousseau_www.psartworks.in
The Hungry lion throws itself on the Antelope”, 1905, Henri Rousseau

Color Theory

The fauvists were keen on the scientific color theories especially those identifying with corresponding hues. Reciprocal hues are sets of hues show up inverse each other on logical models, for example, the color wheel, and when utilized next to each other in artwork make each other look brighter.

Influence on Fauvism

Fauvism has been viewed as an outrageous expansion of the post-impressionism of Van Gogh combined with the neo-impressionism of Seurat. The impacts of these prior developments roused Matisse and his devotees to dismiss conventional three-dimensional space and rather utilize level regions or patches of colors to make another pictorial space. 

Fauvism was also viewed as expressionism in its utilization of splendid hues and spontaneous brushwork. It has regularly been contrasted with German expressionism, which rose at around a similar time and was likewise enlivened by the development of post-impressionism.

“Self-Portrait a Striped T-shirt”, 1906, Henri Matisse
Though one of the principal avant-garde pioneer movements of the twentieth century and one of the principal styles to make a move towards abstraction, for a considerable lot of the artists who embraced a fauvist approach it turned into a transitional venturing stone for future developments in their style.  

The majority of the important artists in the group had moved far from the expressive emotionalism of fauvism by 1908. A restored enthusiasm for post-impressionist artist Paul Cezanne and the scientific approach he took to painting landscapes, individuals, and objects roused numerous artists to grasp request and structure. 

One of fauvism’s originators Andre Derain received a more ordinary neoclassical style while one–time fauvist Georges Braque went ahead to create cubism alongside Pablo Picasso while Henri Matisse anyway kept on utilizing the unmistakable fauvist attributes of splendid emotive hues and colors, basic shapes and painterly check making all through his life.


The other significant Fauvists were Andre Derain, who had gone to class with Matisse and Maurice de Vlaminck. They shared Matisse’s enthusiasm for the expressive capacity of color in painting, and they initially displayed together in 1905.  

The Fauvist canvases of Derain interpret each tone of a scene into pure color, which he connected with short, intense brushstrokes. The unsettled whirls of instance color in Vlaminck’s works are obliged to the expressive intensity of van Gogh.

"LA jetee a L'Estaque", 1906, Andre Derain_psartworks.in
“LA jetee a L’Estaque”, 1906, Andre Derain
Passionate meanings of the splendid Fauve colors an alleviation from the average Impressionism was found by Othon Friesz. 

Georges Braque made an unmistakable feeling of cadence and structure out of little spots of shading, foreshadowing his improvement of Cubism and Raoul Dufy built up a cheerful decorative variant of the striking style; and  Additionally Dutchman Kees van Dongen connected the Fauve style to delineations of fashion Parisian culture. 

Other painters related with the Fauves were Georges Rouault, Henri Manguin, Charles Camoin, and Jean Puy.

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