Fauvism | Influence on Fauvism

Characteristics of Fauvism 


Fauvism was the first significant movement of modern art in the twentieth century and was at first motivated by artists like Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat, and Paul Cezanne. The Fauves (“wild beasts”) were a roughly unified group of French painters with shared interests. 

A few of them, including Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, and Georges Rouault, had been followers of the Symbolist artist Gustave Moreau and appreciated the more established artist‘s prominence on individual expression. 

Matisse rose as the pioneer of the group, whose members shared the utilization of serious shading as a vehicle for depicting light and space, and who reclassified pure color shading and form as methods for conveying the artist’s passionate state. In such matters, Fauvism became a vital predecessor to Cubism and Expressionism and abstraction.

"The Hungry lion throws itself on the Antelope", 1905, Henri Rousseau_www.psartworks.in
The Hungry lion throws itself on the Antelope”, 1905, Henri Rousseau

Color Theory

The fauvists were keen on the scientific color theories especially those identifying with corresponding hues. Reciprocal hues are sets of hues show up inverse each other on logical models, for example, the color wheel, and when utilized next to each other in artwork make each other look brighter.

Influence on Fauvism

Fauvism has been viewed as an outrageous expansion of the post-impressionism of Van Gogh combined with the neo-impressionism of Seurat. The impacts of these prior developments roused Matisse and his devotees to dismiss conventional three-dimensional space and rather utilize level regions or patches of colors to make another pictorial space. 

Fauvism was also viewed as expressionism in its utilization of splendid hues and spontaneous brushwork. It has regularly been contrasted with German expressionism, which rose at around a similar time and was likewise enlivened by the development of post-impressionism.

“Self-Portrait a Striped T-shirt”, 1906, Henri Matisse

Though one of the principal avant-garde pioneer movements of the twentieth century and one of the principal styles to make a move towards abstraction, for a considerable lot of the artists who embraced a fauvist approach it turned into a transitional venturing stone for future developments in their style.  

The majority of the important artists in the group had moved far from the expressive emotionalism of fauvism by 1908. A restored enthusiasm for post-impressionist artist Paul Cezanne and the scientific approach he took to painting landscapes, individuals, and objects roused numerous artists to grasp request and structure. 

One of fauvism’s originators Andre Derain received a more ordinary neoclassical style while one–time fauvist Georges Braque went ahead to create cubism alongside Pablo Picasso while Henri Matisse anyway kept on utilizing the unmistakable fauvist attributes of splendid emotive hues and colors, basic shapes and painterly check making all through his life.


The other significant Fauvists were Andre Derain, who had gone to class with Matisse and Maurice de Vlaminck. They shared Matisse’s enthusiasm for the expressive capacity of color in painting, and they initially displayed together in 1905.  

The Fauvist canvases of Derain interpret each tone of a scene into pure color, which he connected with short, intense brushstrokes. The unsettled whirls of instance color in Vlaminck’s works are obliged to the expressive intensity of van Gogh.

"LA jetee a L'Estaque", 1906, Andre Derain_psartworks.in
“LA jetee a L’Estaque”, 1906, Andre Derain

Passionate meanings of the splendid Fauve colors an alleviation from the average Impressionism was found by Othon Friesz. 

Georges Braque made an unmistakable feeling of cadence and structure out of little spots of shading, foreshadowing his improvement of Cubism and Raoul Dufy built up a cheerful decorative variant of the striking style; and  Additionally Dutchman Kees van Dongen connected the Fauve style to delineations of fashion Parisian culture. 

Other painters related with the Fauves were Georges Rouault, Henri Manguin, Charles Camoin, and Jean Puy.

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Pablo Picasso 4. Salvador Dali 5. Frida Kahlo

Indian Artist

1.G.R. Santosh  2. Jai Zharotia 3. Ramkinkar Vaij 4. Dhan Raj Bhagat 5. Somnath Hore 6. Raja Ravi Varma 7. Ratnabali Kant 8. Satish Gujral  9. Anjolie Ela Menon 10. Jagdish Swaminathan   11. Bishamber Khanna  12. Shanti Dave  13. Om Prakash  14. A Ramachandran 15. Arpita Singh 16. Gulam Mohammad Sheikh  17. Biren De  18. Manjit Bawa 19. Gogi Saroj Pal  20. Arpana Caur 21. Vivan Sundaram  22.Amar Nath Sehgal 23. Jatin Das  24.Meera Mukherjee 25. P. V. Janakiram 26. Ved Nayar 27. Mrinalini Mukherjee  28. Lydia Mehta 29. Krishna Reddy 30. Surindra Chadha 31. Anupam Sud 32. Sankho Chaudhuri 33. Gaganendranath Tagore 34. Rabindranath Tagore 35. Nandalal Bose  36. Abanindranath Tagore 37. Jamini Roy 38. Amrita Sher-Gil 39. A. R. Chughtai  40. Zainul Abedin 41. George Keyt 42. M.F. Husain 43. Binod Bihari Mukharji 44. K. G. Subramanyan  45. Krishen Khanna  46. Tyeb Mehta  47. Ram Kumar 48. Pran Nath Mago 49. F.N. Souza 50. B.C.Sanyal 51. K.S.Kulkarni 52. HarKrishan Lal 53. Jahangir Sabavala 54. Sailoz Mukherjee 55. N. S. Bendre  56. K.K.Hebbar 57. Bimal Das Gupta  

Female Artists:

1.Amrita Sher-Gil  2. Arpana Caur  3. Anupam Sud   4. Lydia Mehta   5. Mrinalini Mukherjee   6. Meera Mukherjee   7. Ratnabali Kant

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