Post-Impressionism

                               Post-Impressionism 

Post-impressionism emerged around 1885 and held sway in the art world until around 1914. Post-impressionist artists aim to make art an emotional experience through the use of symbolism, vibrant colors and captivating forms. 

Post-impressionism can be thought of as an exaggerated of the impressionism that came before. Like impressionist, post-impressionist focused what viewers might see if they only caught a glimpse of the scene they portrayed. 

The major difference between the two movements was that instead of focusing in the light and color in a naturalistic manner like impressionists, post-impressionist used more calculated juxtapositions and symbolism as tools to convey meaning in their works. 

Another difference is that the post-impressionist chose rural scenes and everyday subjects for their paintings over impressionism’s high fashion urban scenes.

The impressions recorded by the post-impressionists were less journalistic and more highly personal and artist’s thick brushstrokes drew attention to the expressivity of their art.



Post-impressionism
post-impressionism

The post-impressionist movement was initiated by a few artists Paul Cezanne was the oldest of this group which also included masters like Vincent van Gogh, PaulGauguin, and Georges Seurat. Sear had begun experimenting with color even before the post-impressionist movement took shape. 

He placed dabs of pure color next to each other instead of mixing them like the traditional artists did, that way the viewers eye could blend the painting’s color which meant that the same painting could appear differently to different individuals Cezanne used the Dobbs of color throughout his work, often applying the paint with palette knife. 

He experimented with reducing objects to basic geometric forms. Cezanne portrayed various elements as simplistic shapes and laid them out flat on the canvas giving a decidedly abstract look and feel. 

His greatest complaint with the impressionist tradition was that it did not allow the artists to refine and harmonize the visual elements in the picture. 

This was the basis for the cubist’s movement which would grow out of post-impressionist art. Cezanne revived interest in the still life, which had been neglected by the artists for nearly 300 years. 

His thick Dobbs of paint added dimension and expressivity to the still life objects. His real innovation, however, was incorporating multiple perspectives of still life objects in a single work. 

One example of this is the scene of apples spilling across the table next to an imbalance stake of cookies, the apples, and cookies in the painting are portrayed with multiple viewpoints, multiple locations and moment in time. 

While Cezanne specifically avoided plane with light and shadow as his impressionist predecessors did. The objects he features are vibrant and vivid because of his textured application of carefully juxtaposed color gradations.




Post%2Bimpressionism%2528Van%2BGogh%2529%2Bpsartworks.in
Van Gogh


For George Seurat, it was impressionism’s lack of lines and detailing that led him to post-impressionists style. Seurat’s technique is known as pointillism although he preferred to call it divisionism. 

Referring to his calculated division of color splotches to retain colors vibrancy, Instead of watering down color in mixing them. Seurat wanted the viewer to mix the vibrant colors using their own imagination and eye. 

With this technique, Seurat could bring in subtle shading and some very interesting color blending. Seurat’s large-scale painting a Sunday afternoon on the island of LaGrange attends is his most widely recognized work. 

Lagrange depicts boaters, animals and a fashionably dressed Sunday crowd taking in the view of the sun. Seurat admired the classic art of the Renaissance and Egypt art, Greek, and Roman. 

The large scale in a serious tone of his best-known painting hint at many classical themes. Unlike classic paintings, however, Seurat’s work is not meant to prescribe or teach. 

The relationship between the painting and the people are up for interpretation and the abstract impressions of their faces invite the viewer to decide what their feelings and thoughts might be. 

Although post-impressionists like Cezanne and Seurat made their displeasure with the Impressionists’ techniques known they were heavily influenced by this style.

Another well-known artist from this movement was Vincent van Gogh. He moved further away from the impressionist’s ideas than Seurat and Cezanne did. 

Along with his troubled artist’s personality van Gogh is remembered for his masterpieces, like ‘The Starry Night’, ‘The Sun Flower; and ‘Café Terrace at Night’. For van Gogh art was about color above all else in this respect, he had an impressionist mindset but the scenes Van Gogh depicted were more of an instinctive response than a scientific study of the scene. 

That did not mean that he did not always do the meticulous study of the light and color found in nature before transferring his impressions on to his canvas. 

His science was juxtaposition color which would enhance or understate certain elements of his works. 

Van Gogh also moved away from realism but he never overlooked the emotional aspect of his art. In this respect, Van Gogh was a spiritual post-impressionist.



Post-impressionism
Post-Impressionism


Paul Gauguin is another spiritual post-impressionist. In his painting the yellow Christ Gauguin depicts three kneeling Breton women praying at a grotto. 

Gauguin’s use of simplistic line, shapes, and exaggerated color show the intense emotional state of the praying group. 

Gauguin had successfully adopted the vibrant use of color that impressionist favored and tweaked it to achieve his own personal style. 

One that aimed to draw the viewer in emotionally. The intense emotions of post-impressionist visual art inspired other artistic disciplines as well.


Post-impressionist literature carried many of the same ideas over to writing in a highly personal stream of consciousness novels like James Joyce’s portrait of an artist as a young man and ‘Virginia Woolf miss Dalawa’. 

These novels challenged norms of literacy perspective and invited the viewers’ into the increasingly symbolic and intensely emotional words of their protagonist

Although post-Impressionist artists have been experimenting with their new style for a while, the style began attracting followers and admires only after art historian and art critic Roger Fry arranged a post-impressionist exhibition in 1910. 

Fry who incidentally discovered Cezanne’s work, believed that the conventional art at the time was growing stale, he felt that the art world needed a shake-up of sorts and that’s exactly he tried to achieve by displaying the art of Gauguin, Van Gogh and Cezanne prominently. 

He called his show MANET and the post-impressionists. This was actually what the evolving style its name. The exhibition took the art world by storm and Roger Fry did what he was set out to do highlight the importance of emotional significance in art. 

The show brought substantial publicity to this emerging style. It also ensures that many more beginning and established artists would explore their own ways of challenging the limitation that impressionism has imposed on their artistic expression. 

Post-impressionists experimentation with color, Form, and perspective would inspire cubist’s artists like Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali. To stretch the limits of perspective abstract form and emotionality even further in the early 20thcentury.



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Artists: 

Pablo Picasso 4. Salvador Dali 5. Frida Kahlo




Indian Artist

1.G.R. Santosh  2. Jai Zharotia 3. Ramkinkar Vaij 4. Dhan Raj Bhagat 5. Somnath Hore 6. Raja Ravi Varma 7. Ratnabali Kant 8. Satish Gujral  9. Anjolie Ela Menon 10. Jagdish Swaminathan   11. Bishamber Khanna  12. Shanti Dave  13. Om Prakash  14. A Ramachandran 15. Arpita Singh 16. Gulam Mohammad Sheikh  17. Biren De  18. Manjit Bawa 19. Gogi Saroj Pal  20. Arpana Caur 21. Vivan Sundaram  22.Amar Nath Sehgal 23. Jatin Das  24.Meera Mukherjee 25. P. V. Janakiram 26. Ved Nayar 27. Mrinalini Mukherjee  28. Lydia Mehta 29. Krishna Reddy 30. Surindra Chadha 31. Anupam Sud 32. Sankho Chaudhuri 33. Gaganendranath Tagore 34. Rabindranath Tagore 35. Nandalal Bose  36. Abanindranath Tagore 37. Jamini Roy 38. Amrita Sher-Gil 39. A. R. Chughtai  40. Zainul Abedin 41. George Keyt 42. M.F. Husain 43. Binod Bihari Mukharji 44. K. G. Subramanyan  45. Krishen Khanna  46. Tyeb Mehta  47. Ram Kumar 48. Pran Nath Mago 49. F.N. Souza 50. B.C.Sanyal 51. K.S.Kulkarni 52. HarKrishan Lal 53. Jahangir Sabavala 54. Sailoz Mukherjee 55. N. S. Bendre  56. K.K.Hebbar 57. Bimal Das Gupta  


Female Artists:

1.Amrita Sher-Gil  2. Arpana Caur  3. Anupam Sud   4. Lydia Mehta   5. Mrinalini Mukherjee   6. Meera Mukherjee   7. Ratnabali Kant





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