Bhimbetka rock caves

Bhimbetka rock caves

The Bhimbetka cave is the earliest traces of human life in India; various analysis recommends that at any rate some of these shelters were occupied by a human for more than 100,000 years. 

A portion of the Stone Age rock paintings was also found among the Bhimbetka shelters and they are around 30,000 years of age. The artists recorded scenes from the regular day to day life of the general population who lived in the stone shelters; for instance, hunting, cooking, eating and drinking. 

The artistic creations are of religious symbols and rituals. A striking element, one that has grabbed the eye of archeologists, is that the paintings speak to the entire range of time: Period 1 (Upper Paleolithic), Period II (Mesolithic), Period III (Chalcolithic), Period IV and V (Early memorable), and Period VI and VII (Medieval). That gives the archeologists a perspective of the development of the humans who lived in these caves.

Suggested: Lascaux Cave

 Location and discovery:

Bhimbetka shelters are the arrangement of natural rock shelters in the lower regions of the Vindhya Range, central India. They situated in the range of 28 miles (45 km) south of Bhopal, in west-central Madhya Pradesh state. 

Found in 1957, the rock shelters consist of 700 shelters and are one of the biggest sources of ancient prehistoric art in India. The shelters were assigned a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2003. The complex is encompassed by the Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary.

Bhimbetka rock caves/Bhimbetka rock Painting
Bhimbetka rock Painting

The main part of the archeological research has been concentrated since 1971 On the Bhimbetka site’s hill alone, where 243 sanctuaries have been discovered, of which 133 contain rock paintings

Nevertheless the rock paintings, archeologists have uncovered substantial quantities of objects and artifacts in the caves and in the dense teak jungle and developed fields around Bhimbetka, the most established of which are Acheulean stone tool assemblage.

Rock art and artistic paintings:

The rock shelters of Bhimbetka have various intriguing artistic creations which portray the lives and times of the humans who lived in the caves. 

Executed for the most part in red and white with the occasional utilization of green and yellow with topics taken from the daily life of ages prior, hunting, dancing, music, horse and elephant riders, animal battling, honey collection, design of bodies, masks and family scenes. Animals, for example, buffaloes, tigers, lions, wild boar, antelopes, dogs, elephants, lizards, and crocodiles have been liberally portrayed. In a few caves, well known religious and custom symbols additionally show up frequently.

Researchers wonder that the paintings have remained unfaded after so many years. A few archaeologists have proposed that cave dwellers made these colors from shaded earth, vegetable colors, roots, and animal fat, in spite of the fact that hypothesis has been disapproved as unproven. 

The cave people made brushes from bits of fibrous plants. As a result of using the regular red and white shades, the hues have been amazingly all preserved. The painters utilized vegetable-based color, which has persisted over the ages because the illustrations had been painted inside a niche or on internal walls.

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Pablo Picasso 4. Salvador Dali 5. Frida Kahlo

Indian Artist

1.G.R. Santosh  2. Jai Zharotia 3. Ramkinkar Vaij 4. Dhan Raj Bhagat 5. Somnath Hore 6. Raja Ravi Varma 7. Ratnabali Kant 8. Satish Gujral  9. Anjolie Ela Menon 10. Jagdish Swaminathan   11. Bishamber Khanna  12. Shanti Dave  13. Om Prakash  14. A Ramachandran 15. Arpita Singh 16. Gulam Mohammad Sheikh  17. Biren De  18. Manjit Bawa 19. Gogi Saroj Pal  20. Arpana Caur 21. Vivan Sundaram  22.Amar Nath Sehgal 23. Jatin Das  24.Meera Mukherjee 25. P. V. Janakiram 26. Ved Nayar 27. Mrinalini Mukherjee  28. Lydia Mehta 29. Krishna Reddy 30. Surindra Chadha 31. Anupam Sud 32. Sankho Chaudhuri 33. Gaganendranath Tagore 34. Rabindranath Tagore 35. Nandalal Bose  36. Abanindranath Tagore 37. Jamini Roy 38. Amrita Sher-Gil 39. A. R. Chughtai  40. Zainul Abedin 41. George Keyt 42. M.F. Husain 43. Binod Bihari Mukharji 44. K. G. Subramanyan  45. Krishen Khanna  46. Tyeb Mehta  47. Ram Kumar 48. Pran Nath Mago 49. F.N. Souza 50. B.C.Sanyal 51. K.S.Kulkarni 52. HarKrishan Lal 53. Jahangir Sabavala 54. Sailoz Mukherjee 55. N. S. Bendre  56. K.K.Hebbar 57. Bimal Das Gupta  

Female Artists:

1.Amrita Sher-Gil  2. Arpana Caur  3. Anupam Sud   4. Lydia Mehta   5. Mrinalini Mukherjee   6. Meera Mukherjee   7. Ratnabali Kant

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