Caves of Altamira

Caves of Altamira

Altamira caves are famous for being the first example of European Cave art ever discovered. The caves are recorded as perfect works of art of imaginative genius and as the humankind’s earliest accomplished art. They are additionally the most extraordinary declarations to social custom and as remarkable representations of a critical stage in mankind’s history.

Location and discovery:

Altamira, caves in northern Spain are well known for its radiant ancient artistic creations and inscriptions. The caves are located 19 miles (30 km) west of the port city of Santander, in Cantabria provincia. Altamira was assigned a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1985. The cave was, found by a hunter in 1868, and was visited in 1876 by Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola, a nearby aristocrat. He returned in 1879 to uncover the floor of the cave’s entrance passage chamber.



Caves of Altamira/(Bison on the roof)
(Bison on the roof )


The artistic creations can be found in three sites in Northern Spain which are supposed to have been painted by the Magdalenian individuals between 16,000-9,000 BC, however, Altamira is the main site at which the indications of household life reach out into the principal sinkhole, which contains most of the paintings. The Altamira cave is one of seventeen found along the mountains of northern Spain close to the Atlantic drift. At around 300m long, the cave system comprises of a progression of bending sections going from 2 – 6m high whereupon over a hundred animal figures were drawn on the roofs.



In 2008 British researchers dated the sketches with the U/Th method. Prior to, the carbon of the charcoal in the works of art was utilized to decide the age of the paintings utilizing the C14 method. Clearly, this works just for the dark parts of the compositions which contain carbon. In actuality this strategy just gives a minimum age, however, it is used likewise for etchings and works of art without charcoal. The outcomes are amazing: parts of the art are somewhere in the range of 25,000 and 35,000 years of age.
Amid the 1970s, the sketches in the Altamira Cave were being harmed by the damp breath of substantial quantities of the visitors. Altamira was totally shut to the general population in 1977 and reopened to limited access in 1982. Only some visitors were permitted in every day, bringing about a three-year waiting list. Right now, an examination is being made of the preservation conditions inside the Cave of Altamira, so it isn’t possible to visit it. A historical center and an unsatisfying, modest copy of a little area of the cave was manufactured near.

Artistic analysis:

 The artistic creations at Altamira are polychrome, having three hues in the body of a single animal, huge progress in specialized masterful abilities. The same masterful aptitudes are additionally reflected in the exactness of the physical extents of the delineated animal. A standout amongst the most amazing things about the animal figures is that many were painted on regular projections from the stone face; something seen in different caves from the Paleolithic. The pictures at Altamira were both painted and engraved.

Caves of altamira(A Drawing form the cave)
(A Drawing from the cave)

The figure bison’s in various positions are most normal and completed generally expertly. Different animal incorporates horses, red deer, and pig. The figures of animal are painted to nearly life-measure scale, e.g. the red deer is 2.20m long. The artists carefully delineated its particular and sexual highlights. The utilization of relief has given the photos a unique dynamism and development of the animal. Indeed, even the texture of the furs and manes of the diverse species painted on the stone surface were incorporated. Different illustrations, are also portrayed such as anthropomorphous, demonstrate people with animal heads and also extraordinary signs, for example, hands or brush and step-like images still not explained.


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Artists: 

Pablo Picasso 4. Salvador Dali 5. Frida Kahlo




Indian Artist

1.G.R. Santosh  2. Jai Zharotia 3. Ramkinkar Vaij 4. Dhan Raj Bhagat 5. Somnath Hore 6. Raja Ravi Varma 7. Ratnabali Kant 8. Satish Gujral  9. Anjolie Ela Menon 10. Jagdish Swaminathan   11. Bishamber Khanna  12. Shanti Dave  13. Om Prakash  14. A Ramachandran 15. Arpita Singh 16. Gulam Mohammad Sheikh  17. Biren De  18. Manjit Bawa 19. Gogi Saroj Pal  20. Arpana Caur 21. Vivan Sundaram  22.Amar Nath Sehgal 23. Jatin Das  24.Meera Mukherjee 25. P. V. Janakiram 26. Ved Nayar 27. Mrinalini Mukherjee  28. Lydia Mehta 29. Krishna Reddy 30. Surindra Chadha 31. Anupam Sud 32. Sankho Chaudhuri 33. Gaganendranath Tagore 34. Rabindranath Tagore 35. Nandalal Bose  36. Abanindranath Tagore 37. Jamini Roy 38. Amrita Sher-Gil 39. A. R. Chughtai  40. Zainul Abedin 41. George Keyt 42. M.F. Husain 43. Binod Bihari Mukharji 44. K. G. Subramanyan  45. Krishen Khanna  46. Tyeb Mehta  47. Ram Kumar 48. Pran Nath Mago 49. F.N. Souza 50. B.C.Sanyal 51. K.S.Kulkarni 52. HarKrishan Lal 53. Jahangir Sabavala 54. Sailoz Mukherjee 55. N. S. Bendre  56. K.K.Hebbar 57. Bimal Das Gupta  


Female Artists:

1.Amrita Sher-Gil  2. Arpana Caur  3. Anupam Sud   4. Lydia Mehta   5. Mrinalini Mukherjee   6. Meera Mukherjee   7. Ratnabali Kant





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