School of Athens| History| facts| Characteristics

School of Athens| History| facts| Characteristics

“School of Athens” by Raphael is considered to be his masterpiece and one of the most famous and ideal example of the High Renaissance.


School of Athens refers to a well-known fresco painted by Raphael in the Apostolic Palace in Vatican City. The fresco was painted somewhere in the range of 1510 and 1511 and is one of four frescoes painted by Raphael in the rooms currently known as the Stanze di Raffaello. School of Athens was the second fresco finished in the room and delineates Raphael’s interpretation of philosophy as a branch of information. The fresco estimates 200 inches by 300 inches with a tondo above delineating a female figure with a putti expressing “seek Knowledge of Causes.” Showing a social occasion of Greek scholars occupied with different exercises, the fresco is viewed as a prime case of High Renaissance workmanship.

Description of the Painting

The fresco itself incorporates 21 distinct figures set against a scene of a school. The figures are occupied with discussion, work or amusements. All the figures are male and are accepted to represent all the noteworthy Greek philosophers. The fresco likewise incorporates depiction of sculptures inside the paintings in school. One statue is Apollo, the Greek lord of light, music, and archery holding a lyre. The other statue is Athena, the Greek goddess of knowledge, appeared in her Roman frame as Minerva. The building itself is appeared in a cross-shape with the figures in the frontal area and the inside subsiding behind them. The figures are scattered crosswise over stairways and walkways inside the school and the fresco is encircled with a curve enriched with arabesque swastikas.

Characteristics and Facts

The work of Raphael is not labeled and art historians have argued about whom each figure in the artwork depicts. The most evident individuals to call attention to are Plato and his student Aristotle, two of the most significant Greek philosophers. They are found in the center of the painting. Plato’s own educator, Socrates is likewise found in the painting in the dark colored robes on the left. The man in the front, wearing the pink robes is believed to be the mathematician Pythagoras who is celebrated for his equation that finds the correct side of a triangle. The father of present day geometry Euclid is seen on the right wearing red robes, bowing down and educating geometry. One arguable purpose of this work of art is that Raphael may have put the heads of renaissance artists and thinkers onto Greek philosophers. Plato is believed to have the face of Leonardo da Vinci. The man who is situated in the front, laying his head on his hand is the Greek scholar Heraclitus, however is appeared with the face of Michelangelo. Donatello’s face is seen on the man in the red remaining in the back right, on Plotinus’s body. And Raphael himself, is believed to be one of the students clustered around Pythagoras in the front left. The mixes of the Renaissance artists and the Greek thinkers demonstrates the assembling of antiquated and modern traditions that described the Italian Renaissance.

School of Athens| History| facts| Characteristics/ The School of Athens, (1510-1511), Raphael
The School of Athens, (1510-1511), Raphael 

Raphael utilized iconography to represent those philosophers with no visual picture, for example, Epicurus. While Plato and Aristotle fill in as the center figures of the fresco, other figures delineated inhabited different occasions and were not really their peers. A significant number of them lived before Plato and Aristotle and barely a third were Athenians.

School of Athens keeps on driving discussion and investigation among the art historians and researchers. Deficient data exists to approve whether Raphael got particular direction from Pope Julius II on the segments of the fresco, how much philosophical learning he had or the amount he may have been influenced by his peers. However, school of Athens demonstrates the profundity of Raphael’s creative ability, including the capacity to coordinate four distinct frescos to an associating topic. Regardless of whether the fresco is viewed as an artist’s portrayal of philosophy or more profound significance is related to the different gestures and subtle elements, the School of Athens keeps on giving a delightful view into High Renaissance craftsmanship.

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Indian Artist

1.G.R. Santosh  2. Jai Zharotia 3. Ramkinkar Vaij 4. Dhan Raj Bhagat 5. Somnath Hore 6. Raja Ravi Varma 7. Ratnabali Kant 8. Satish Gujral  9. Anjolie Ela Menon 10. Jagdish Swaminathan   11. Bishamber Khanna  12. Shanti Dave  13. Om Prakash  14. A Ramachandran 15. Arpita Singh 16. Gulam Mohammad Sheikh  17. Biren De  18. Manjit Bawa 19. Gogi Saroj Pal  20. Arpana Caur 21. Vivan Sundaram  22.Amar Nath Sehgal 23. Jatin Das  24.Meera Mukherjee 25. P. V. Janakiram 26. Ved Nayar 27. Mrinalini Mukherjee  28. Lydia Mehta 29. Krishna Reddy 30. Surindra Chadha 31. Anupam Sud 32. Sankho Chaudhuri 33. Gaganendranath Tagore 34. Rabindranath Tagore 35. Nandalal Bose  36. Abanindranath Tagore 37. Jamini Roy 38. Amrita Sher-Gil 39. A. R. Chughtai  40. Zainul Abedin 41. George Keyt 42. M.F. Husain 43. Binod Bihari Mukharji 44. K. G. Subramanyan  45. Krishen Khanna  46. Tyeb Mehta  47. Ram Kumar 48. Pran Nath Mago 49. F.N. Souza 50. B.C.Sanyal 51. K.S.Kulkarni 52. HarKrishan Lal 53. Jahangir Sabavala 54. Sailoz Mukherjee 55. N. S. Bendre  56. K.K.Hebbar 57. Bimal Das Gupta  

Female Artists:

1.Amrita Sher-Gil  2. Arpana Caur  3. Anupam Sud   4. Lydia Mehta   5. Mrinalini Mukherjee   6. Meera Mukherjee   7. Ratnabali Kant

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