Ram Kumar Biography

Ram Kumar | Biography | Life | artworks

Ram Kumar
Ram Kumar 

Ram Kumar, an important landscape painter, studied under Andre Lhote and Fernand Leger, and has obviously been influenced by the French Tradition. 

In his earlier works depicting homeless humanity standing in streets against desolate buildings, the figures are dealt in anaplastic pseudo-molding obtained by the use of light and shade, which does not refer to the structure of human forms. The minimum delineation, though in strong lines of the human figures and use of perspective shows his interest in the simplification of formal structure.

From the 1960s onwards, the figure disappears and the images of the physical world. That is of land-forms, rocks, hills, houses, birds, stretches of water, sky, and cloud, nature in its totally with its varied physiognomy- seem to increasingly engage him. His landscapes, real (such as of Varanasi) or imaginary, offer scope for form-structure manipulation wherein the subject and style mutually support each other.

Formal art is far from imitative. It is a symbolic means for abstraction; the schematic presentation of an idea, without being a cold schematization or an inanimate effect. It is full of life and yet curiously balanced and ordered. 

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In Ram Kumar’s landscapes the abstract shapes, converging and diverging, created by angular brush and spatula strokes, are the rhythms that may be termed as inventive. They are a direct transcription of the emotion aroused by the landscape. But this subtle representation is, in fact, based on an understanding of the tonal values and planes and its application in a visually attractive manner.

Ram Kumar’s landscapes have a bas-relief quality. He lends to form a feeling of architectural stability and decorative value; the essence of volume without destroying the feel for the surface of the picture. This half real solidity of the scene is but an arrangement treated in a unique and carefully planned manner, which may not be appreciated by the uninitiated.

Ram Kumar seeks to investigate and exploit the relationship between his emotions and the medium of communication he employs. In the process, he may disfigure the human form or mutilate the calm landscape. But he replaces aspects of experience that are significant in themselves and relate to our aesthetic sensibility.

His work provides a remarkable illustration of how flat areas of light and dark are organized on the pictorial surface with three-dimensional considerations that are only referential. Though his paintings to be spontaneous, they are, in fact, carefully built up to achieve a simultaneous feeling of balance and unbalance in their design- a dynamic feeling of asymmetry.

Ram Kumar’s works are the physiological “forms” of his personality which structures perception and determines the limitation of personal expression. But how far his art and his language of communication relate to the individual or the culture of which he is a part, remains unresolved.


Ram Kumar: The Face and Other Stories

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Pablo Picasso 4. Salvador Dali 5. Frida Kahlo

Indian Artist

1.G.R. Santosh  2. Jai Zharotia 3. Ramkinkar Vaij 4. Dhan Raj Bhagat 5. Somnath Hore 6. Raja Ravi Varma 7. Ratnabali Kant 8. Satish Gujral  9. Anjolie Ela Menon 10. Jagdish Swaminathan   11. Bishamber Khanna  12. Shanti Dave  13. Om Prakash  14. A Ramachandran 15. Arpita Singh 16. Gulam Mohammad Sheikh  17. Biren De  18. Manjit Bawa 19. Gogi Saroj Pal  20. Arpana Caur 21. Vivan Sundaram  22.Amar Nath Sehgal 23. Jatin Das  24.Meera Mukherjee 25. P. V. Janakiram 26. Ved Nayar 27. Mrinalini Mukherjee  28. Lydia Mehta 29. Krishna Reddy 30. Surindra Chadha 31. Anupam Sud 32. Sankho Chaudhuri 33. Gaganendranath Tagore 34. Rabindranath Tagore 35. Nandalal Bose  36. Abanindranath Tagore 37. Jamini Roy 38. Amrita Sher-Gil 39. A. R. Chughtai  40. Zainul Abedin 41. George Keyt 42. M.F. Husain 43. Binod Bihari Mukharji 44. K. G. Subramanyan  45. Krishen Khanna  46. Tyeb Mehta  47. Ram Kumar 48. Pran Nath Mago 49. F.N. Souza 50. B.C.Sanyal 51. K.S.Kulkarni 52. HarKrishan Lal 53. Jahangir Sabavala 54. Sailoz Mukherjee 55. N. S. Bendre  56. K.K.Hebbar 57. Bimal Das Gupta  

Female Artists:

1.Amrita Sher-Gil  2. Arpana Caur  3. Anupam Sud   4. Lydia Mehta   5. Mrinalini Mukherjee   6. Meera Mukherjee   7. Ratnabali Kant

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