Hasrat Jaipuri is considered an immortal lyricist in the history of the Indian film industry. He has given more than hundreds of wonderful and unforgettable songs to Hindi films. His songs and poetry mirrored an amalgamation of both Hindi and Urdu.
Jaipuri was an enormously talented personality and is referred to as a “Shayar” in Indian Society.
Known for his honest, poetic and lovely verses, Hasrat Jaipuri was one of the most compelling writers throughout the entire existence of Indian film. Jaipuri worked in 200 movies before his retirement in the late-1980s. He was cherished by every last one in the film industry and was one of the last pillars of the RK Studios.”
Early Life and Education
He was born in a Muslim Family as Iqbal Husain in Rajasthan on April 15, 1922. Poetry was a part of his family since childhood. Jaipuri spent most of his early time in Jaipur and moved to Bombay later where he got the best rewards for his ability for composing poems and songs.
He did his initial education in the English language only but started to learn Urdu and Persian languages as well from his grandfather Fida Husain when he was 20 years old. Later he received the title of Hasrat Jaipuri.
After gaining expertise in both the languages Jaipuri began composing poems in Urdu and Persian as well. He also fell in love with a Hindu girl who also lived near him in the early years of his writing and some of his poems were inspired by the love he felt for Radha.
“Yeh Mera Prem Patra Padh Kar, Ke Tum Naaraaz Na Hona” was one of the most renowned lines found in his love letter to Radha. That line was later immortalized by Raj Kapoor in the film Sangam sung by legendary singer Rafi.
Jaipuri was a romantic person and believed that love should not be bound by caste and religion. Hasrat Jaipuri had broadly said in a meeting that he never anticipated that his love should be reciprocated by Radha despite the fact that he loved her dearly.
Despite his successful career in Bollywood, Hasrat Jaipuri always remembered his foundations and remained a simple man throughout his life. However, the credit to his simplicity can be given to his equally supportive wife who helped him to remain connected to his roots regardless of fame and popularity.
As per reports, Hasrat Jaipuri viewed himself as a conventional and ordinary man and always traveled by regardless instead of by airplane even if he could easily afford it.
After leaving Jaipur and moving to Bombay with his wife had to sell tickets on buses as a bus conductor to survive in Bombay. He was paid a monthly income of 11 rupees at that time. Nonetheless, he likewise ensured that enough time was given for his poetry. Hasrat Jaipuri regularly attended mushairas and probably the most famous shayar within his contemporary shayar during the 1940s. And remained in touch with his interest in writing and composing poetry.
It is said that it was during one the mushaira that he was found by the legendary actor Prithviraj Kapoor who was very much impressed by his remarkable poetry and offered him a chance to be a part of the Hindi Film industry. Prithviraj Kapoor introduced him to his son Raj Kapoor who was working on the film Barshat at that time and decided to sign him to write songs for the film.
The music of the film was composed by Shankar – Jaikishan. He debuted in the film by writing the song ‘Jiya Beqaraar Hai’. This was followed by the similarly well-known song ‘Chhod Gaye Baalam’. ‘Barsaat’ was the first step towards the success of Hasrat Jaipuri in Bollywood and the beginning of his blooming association with the actor Raj Kapoor.
During 1949 and 1971 almost every film of Raj Kapoor had either Hasrat Jaipuri os Shailendra as the lyrist. The music composers of these films were also Shankar-Jaikishan. However, a glorious era of Bollywood ended with the demise of Jaikishen in 1971. After that Raj Kapoor did not favor Hasrat Jaipuri due to the frailer of the films “Mera Naam Joker” and “Kal Aaj or Kal” and signed new lyrists and music composers for his upcoming films.
After some years, he wanted to get back to Jaipuri for his upcoming film “Prem Rog” but decided to hire another writer, Amir Oazalbash. However, he asked Jaipuri to write songs for his film “Raam Teri Ganga malee”, and “Sangam”. The song “Sun Sun Sahiba Sun” became very popular among the people. Later he also wrote three songs for the film “Heena” and that enabled him to bring back the real flavor of a Hasrat Jaipuri’s writing.
However, Bollywood was not the same place for Hasrat Jaipuri after the death of Raj Kapoor in 1988. Music composer Ravindra Jain had no regard for the Jaipuri and purposely barred the well-known lyricist from composing for more films. Help came as Shailendra when he welcomed Hasrat Jaipuri to compose the verses of his Bollywood production ‘Teesri Kasam’. The last songs written by him were used in the film ‘Hatya: The Murder’ in 2004.
Apart from the lyrics for Bollywood movies songs he also played the role of screenplay writer for the movie “HulChul” in 1951.
Hasrat Jaipuri was not just famous for his lyrics for Bollywood movies but also for his remarkable poetry. He composed many poems which were later published in books in both Hindi and Urdu languages.
Hasrat Jaipuri thought of himself as a representative of love whose principle intention was to spread love through his work. Every one of his compositions mirrored this sentiment of Hasrat Jaipuri.
Awards and Honors
Obviously, as a lyricist of Raj Kapoor films, Hasrat Jaipuri was effective in winning the devotion, admiration, and love of the audience. Hasrat Jaipuri likewise got numerous awards and honors for his massive contribution to the Bollywood music industry. In 1966 he was honored with the Filmfare for the brilliant song “Baharon Phool Barsao” for the category of Best Lyrics.
He was awarded another Filmfare for lyrics of the song “Zindagi Ek Safar hai suhana” from the movie “Andaz” in 1972. Hasrat Jaipuri also received the Josh Malihabadi Award from an Urdu meeting. He was honored with the Dr. Ambedkar Award for his verses in the Brajbhasha song ‘Jhanak Tori Baaje Payalia’.
Hasrat Jaipuri died on September 17, 1999.