Bishamber Khanna (1930-1999)

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Bishamber Khanna | Biography | Life | Artworks

Bishamber Khanna is, perhaps, the only artist India to pursue the ancient art of enamelling for an individual painterly creative expression. 

Enamelling probably originated in Western Asia and was used in ancient times to decorate pottery. The Greeks, in the fifth century BC, seem to have been the first to fuse enamel on metal, the form in which we know the art today. 

In the course of history many peoples, in the West and the Far East, produced distinguished work in varying techniques such as cloisonne, champleve, base taille, Limoges and grisaille. 

In India, the tradition of enamelling, though only a few centuries old, has mainly been in the embellishing of articles of jewellery in the champleve process. 

In more modern times, an influential movement originated in Vienna around 1929, and more recently artists and craftsmen the world over, particularly in the USA and France, have revived the art of enamelling for individual creative application. 

Today enamelling is not confined only to small ornaments or objects like ashtrays, bowls and plates, but is used to create impressive large panels and screens for interior and exterior decoration for contemporary homes and buildings. 

Bishamber, experimenting with a painstaking technique for over two decades, has discovered the infinite aesthetic scope of the enamel medium. 

Controlled form and colour are cleverly combined with accidental effects of vaporous forms and colours created in the process of firing at temperatures ranging from 1400’F to 1600’F, in two to four min- utes. 

He essentially follows the sifting and stencil method, but works in mixed techniques including raising, fabrication of sheet, collaging of metal shapes, brazing and welding, occasionally using wet inlay technique and also lustres for special effects. 

The abstract compositions, designed in a contemporary approach, are enjoyable for their form, design and colour values creating an effect of calm and serenity. 

Besides the innumerable small-sized enamel paintings, Bishamber has created enamel panels to architectural scale and concept. 

These works in textured, hammered, patinated and enamelled copper, both for interior and exterior murals are an expression of his faith in the great possibilities for significant aesthetic statements in the medium.


Pablo Picasso 4. Salvador Dali 5. Frida Kahlo

Indian Artist

1.G.R. Santosh  2. Jai Zharotia 3. Ramkinkar Vaij 4. Dhan Raj Bhagat 5. Somnath Hore 6. Raja Ravi Varma 7. Ratnabali Kant 8. Satish Gujral  9. Anjolie Ela Menon 10. Jagdish Swaminathan   11. Bishamber Khanna  12. Shanti Dave  13. Om Prakash  14. A Ramachandran 15. Arpita Singh 16. Gulam Mohammad Sheikh  17. Biren De  18. Manjit Bawa 19. Gogi Saroj Pal  20. Arpana Caur 21. Vivan Sundaram  22.Amar Nath Sehgal 23. Jatin Das  24.Meera Mukherjee 25. P. V. Janakiram 26. Ved Nayar 27. Mrinalini Mukherjee  28. Lydia Mehta 29. Krishna Reddy 30. Surindra Chadha 31. Anupam Sud 32. Sankho Chaudhuri 33. Gaganendranath Tagore 34. Rabindranath Tagore 35. Nandalal Bose  36. Abanindranath Tagore 37. Jamini Roy 38. Amrita Sher-Gil 39. A. R. Chughtai  40. Zainul Abedin 41. George Keyt 42. M.F. Husain 43. Binod Bihari Mukharji 44. K. G. Subramanyan  45. Krishen Khanna  46. Tyeb Mehta  47. Ram Kumar 48. Pran Nath Mago 49. F.N. Souza 50. B.C.Sanyal 51. K.S.Kulkarni 52. HarKrishan Lal 53. Jahangir Sabavala 54. Sailoz Mukherjee 55. N. S. Bendre  56. K.K.Hebbar 57. Bimal Das Gupta  

Female Artists:

1.Amrita Sher-Gil  2. Arpana Caur  3. Anupam Sud   4. Lydia Mehta   5. Mrinalini Mukherjee   6. Meera Mukherjee   7. Ratnabali Kant

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