Caves of India

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World famous caves of Ajanta, Chaitya Cave Bihar Cave

Ajanta Caves The world-famous caves of Ajanta are located at a distance of 106 kilometers from the center of Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state and about 61 kilometers from Jalgaon station of Central Railway. 6 kilometers before the Ajanta pilgrimage is Fardapur village through which visitors can visit these caves. To visit the temples, one has to go to the Vindhya mountain range. On the platform of the Vindhya mountain range, a crescent-shaped 72-meter-high hill stands straight.

James Ferguson traveled to these caves in 1819. Point James Ferguson traveled to these caves in 1819. These caves were first discussed 3 years after their discovery. William Arskin prepared a detailed description of these caves in Alexander of Mumbai Literary Society in 1822. Which was published in the Transactions of the Royal Asiatic Society of London in 1819.

Two types of caves are found here – Chaitya and Vihar. Most of the paintings are in Bihar caves. There are paintings at some places in the caves. Chittra caves are made for prayer and Bihar caves are made for the residence of Buddhist monks.

There are a total of ₹ 30 caves in Ajanta. Earlier there was a series of 29 caves but a few years ago another cave was discovered whose serial number is 15 because it is situated between cave number 14 and number 15.

Paintings are found only in six caves 12, 9, 10, 16, 17. From the first Sati in the cave of Ajanta to the seventh century, work was done for more than 700 years. There are various cultures like Shaka, Satavahana, Chalukya, Vakataka, Kushan and Gupta etc. in the painting of Ajanta. She speaks.

The best of Ajanta was done during the Gupta period. Ajanta is a great artistic past of India. There is a beautiful coordination of painting, sculpture and architecture. This art is also called Buddhist art because all the depictions of these caves depict the life events and birth of Lord Buddha. It is addressed from the stories of birth which are called Jataka tales.

Cave number 1 is Vihar Cave. On the left wall of this cave, there is a picture of Padmapani Bodhisattva, in which the Bodhisattva is shown holding a lotus in his hand, engrossed in the contemplation of the world. The second picture of this cave is of Mara, in the middle, Lord Buddha is sitting in a calm state. It has been created by giving various types of temptations in all four directions.

Apart from this, the story of Shri Jataka is a picture. King Shiva, in the form of a pigeon, had saved Agni Dev’s life from Indra in the form of a hawk borrowed by Agni Dev, and by placing the pigeon in one of the scales, his weight was equal to its weight. The meat of the place was called and presented before the eagle.

Number Two Cave: This is also a Vihar Cave. The most famous picture of this cave is Apocalypse, in which the left hand of the Buddhist monk is in a slightly worried posture and the posture of the hand is as follows: Human Apocalypse, Bano Apocalypse has become another one of Buddha’s birth. There is a symbol of Maya Devi in the picture.

The newborn baby is in the lap of Indra. Apart from this, Mahavansh Jataka Vidur Pandit Jataka apologize etc. Cave number 9 is a true cave Chaitya which was built by the monks for worship. Statues of God are engraved on the outside of the cave in this cave. There are images related to both Hinayana and Mahayana schools.

Cave number 10 is also a Chaitya cave. This cave was built in the Satavahana period. Conspiracy Jataka Conspiracy Dant Jataka famous paintings. In this cave, the story and paintings in cave number 17 also brought a new spirit of elephants. So the rhythmic postures are very emotional. There is a depiction on the left wall of the shop of a procession of the king in which King Nag is going with his queens and maids and 10 zodiac signs and slaves.

The story of Shyam Jatak and the story of Shyam Jatak and also the picture of Shyam Jatak are depicted in this cave. In this picture, the story of young man Shyam who served his blind parents is depicted. The famous picture of Bodhisattva is also in this cave whose right hand is Kalyan whose And the left hand is in the posture of blessing. Cave number 16 is a Bihar cave. It is the highest. In the middle of the cave, Buddha’s Pralamb Pada posture is made.

In another picture, there is a picture related to Buddha’s renunciation of his home, in which Yashodhara and Rahul are sleeping at night and Buddha is leaving his home. The best and world famous picture is of a dying princess in the Kashi cave. This picture is an emotional expression of the atmosphere and compassion. Is

Cave No. 17: This is Bihar Cave. It has more paintings than all the other caves. The famous painting of this cave is of Rahul Samarpan, in which Yashodhara has been depicted offering his only son when Lord Buddha asked for a child.

In other paintings of Ajanta caves, the female form is a symbol of universal beauty. Apart from the female figure, animals, birds, trees, vines, flowers, leaves, ponds, Gandharva, Kinnar, names, snakes, Apsaras, Garuda etc. have also been depicted skillfully by Ramraj ji in colors like kajal, blue, ocher etc. The mix of colors is elegant and has been applied using tempera technique.


Ellora is situated 29 km from Aurangabad in the state of Maharashtra and 135 km from Ajanta. The local name of Ellora is Verul. Ellora Board is the holy Trivedi of all the three religions, Buddhist, Brahmin and Jain.

There are total 30 caves here, cave number 1 to cave number 12 are Buddhist caves, number 13 to 29 are caves related to Brahmin religion, Dushasan Khyati cave number 1 to 34 are Jain caves.

This cave was constructed between the ninth century and the 12th century, thus work continued in Ellora for 900 years. The most prominent Kailash temple of Lord Shiva of Ellora is in cave number 16.

It was built by Rashtrakuta king Krishna. It was constructed by cutting a huge mountain of 300 feet long and 50 feet wide. 135 people worked in it. Shivlinga is installed in the middle of this temple. Near it, the pavilion of Nandi and Parvati, Ganesh, Sudhir Chandra and all others. Inside the temple, there are beautiful paintings of mythological caves, stories of Shiva, Parvati river, Shiva, Parvati, Nandi, Mahalakshmi, Indra etc.

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