Gulzar: Biography | Life | Age | family |Career | legacy

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Gulzar: Biography | Life | Age | family |Career | legacy

Gulzar/Gulzar: Biography | Life | Age | family |Career | legacy
Gulzar, one of India’s best movie producers and lyricists, has given the lyrics a lot of Bollywood’s well-known songs. Gulzar has become famous in Indian film. Other than being a lyricist, he is a poet, movie producer, director, and play writer.

However, Gulzar is a poet over all things. His style denotes an affectability that is best reflected through his writing and treatment of movies. He is a very sensitive person whose work is bound with the expressive yet mentally skilled assessment of human sensibilities.

His oeuvre is saturated with a lovely sensibility set apart by a lyricism uncommon in the realm of Hindi film. His career as a poet started with the Progressive Writers’ movement. Today, he is viewed as one of India’s most renowned Urdu writers, unrivaled in his exploration of human emotions, understanding, and sensibilities with which he tends to the numerous aspects of everyday life.

Gulzar’s compositions mirror his sharp perception of life and the world around him. His artistry lyricism, deliver the human mundane and create vivid images. While established in regular daily life, his work has a philosophical aspect that portrays an empathetic worldview.

Table of Contents

Early Life

Gulzar’s real name was Sampooran Singh. he was born at Deena in Pakistan in the year 1934 to Makhan Singh Kalra and Sujan Kaur. Gulzar had a keen interest in writing since childhood. As he grew up his interest in music developed as well and he began going to shows of music maestros like Ravi Shankar and Ali Akbar Khan. During the unfaithful time of India’s partition, Gulzar’s family had to move to Amritsar, India from their native home.

Be that as it may, Sampooran Singh Kalra understood that his actual calling lies in Mumbai and moved to the city of dreams to fulfill his predetermination. At first, he had to work at a garage in Worli to earn his daily bread. He started composing poems in his extra time and soon Bollywood came thumping on the door and Sampooran Singh Kalra became Gulzar.

Personal Life

Gulzar has one brother named Jasmer Singh. Gulzar wedded the iconic actress Rakhee on May 15, 1973. They were both at the top of their careers when they met at a party and were totally in the wonder of one another. Be that as it may, the fantasy sentiment stopped one year after the marriage. 

There were bits of gossip in the fraternity that Gulzar didn’t support Rakhee’s choice of coming back to films after their marriage. Still, she agreed to work in Yash Chopra’s Movie “Kabhi Kabhi“. Considering it the longest short story of his life, Gulzar went to poetry to overcome the agony. 

In spite of the fact that the couple separated, they never divorced in order to support their daughter Meghna Gulzar. Now Gulzar also has a grandson named Samay Sandhu.


Gulzar’s Career began as an assistant to the praised director Bimal Roy and Hrishikesh Mukherjee. Making an unassuming start as an assistant to Bimal Roy, Hrishikesh Mukherjee, and Hemant Kumar, he composed his first song ‘Mora Gora Ang Lai Le..’ which was sung by Lata Mangeshkar and composed by S.D Burman. Filmed on Nutan for Bimal Roy’s film Bandini. 

Bimal Roy constantly tried to encourage young talent also gave him a chance to compose songs. He turned into Bimalda’s full-time assistant. He at that point started composing for directors like Hrishikesh Mukherjee and Asit Sen., 

He wrote some of the best films of his career for Mukherjee—Guddi (1971), Anand (1971), Bawarchi (1972) and Namak Haram (1973), the two of which won him the Filmfare Award for the Best Dialog Writer.

As a Lyricist
Having worked with music directors like RD Burman, SD Burman, Shankar-Jaikishan, Hemant Kumar, and Laxmikant Pyarelal, he went to pen down songs for famous movies like Namak Haraam, Chupke, Aandhi, Ghar, Gol Maal, Khubsoorat, and Sadma. In 1996, Gulzar directed the movie Maachis, whose music was formed by Vishal Bhardwaj. They likewise worked together in other movies like Maqbool, Omkara, and Haider.

His coordinated effort with A.R. Rahman has given soundtracks like Dil Se, Saathiya, Guru, Slumdog Millionaire, and Jab Tak Hai JaanGulzar won an Oscar for Best Original Song, for the song “Jai Ho” which he shared with A.R. RahmanThey also won a Grammy Award for best song written for a motion picture, Television or Other Visual Media.

Gulzar kept on winning hearts with his lovely words wrote for films like Matru Ki Bijlee Ka MandolaEk Thi Daayan (2013), Kya Dilli Kya LahoreDedh IshqiyaHaiderLingaa and Kill Dil (2014), for which he additionally rendered his voice toward the start of the melody Sajde. 

In 2016, aside from composing the lyrics, he additionally composed the dialogues and screenplay of Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra’s Mirzya which was the debut movie of Anil Kapoor’s son Harshvardhan Kapoor. 

From that point onward, he worked for Ok Jaanu and RangoonYeh Ishq Hai from Rangoon and Enna Sona from Ok Jannu became the top choices for romantic song lovers. His 2018 activities incorporate Raazi, Bioscopewala, and Soorma.

As a Director
Gulzar wrote dialogues and screenplays for films like AashirwadAnand, Khamoshi, and so forthThe first film directed by him was Mere Apnethe tale of an old woman (Meena Kumari) who is caught between two savage gangs of jobless youth which was an adaptation of a Bengali motion picture called Apanjan. 

The film found real success at the Box Office. He proceeded with his directing streak and coordinated films like Parichay, Koshish, Achanak, Aandhi, Khushboo, Mausam, Angoor, and so forth.

Parichay specifically was propelled by the Hollywood classic called The Sound of Music. Gulzar’s Aandhi was an adaptation of the book called Kali Aandhi, written by an Indian essayist KamleshwarThis film was exceptionally acclaimed in India and won Filmfare Critics Award for Best Movie category

A few people accept that the narrative of Aandhi or Kali Aandhi depended on the individual existence of the Ex-Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi and a few people believe that it is the tale of the Tarkeshwari Sinha. 

In Koshish (1972)Sanjeev Kumar and Jaya Bachchan play a deaf-mute a couple attempting to build a happy family life against the odds.

The movie Mausam was based on a book called The Judas Tree by the author A.J. Cronin. To be exact, the parts of Mausam were taken from a story called ‘Weather‘ from the book. Mausam stowed a National Award for Second Best Feature Film. In Mausam (1975)Sharmila Tagore played an important double role job as mother and daughter

The utilization of the flashback has been a one of a kind component of Gulzar’s film. He is additionally among the couple of movie directors who have reliably made fascinating women characters imbued with the twin temperance of quiet and articulate expression.

With these movies, he additionally started a mutual partnership with Sanjeev Kumar. The Gulzar – Sanjeev Kumar partnership brought about such fine movies as Aandhi (1975), Mausam (1975), Angoor (1981) and Namkeen (1982) which represent Sanjeev Kumar’s best work.

His Angoor, featuring Vinod Mehra and Deven Verma in double roles were inspired by Shakespeare’s popular play The Comedy of Errors. Later, he directed Hu Tu Tu.

The entirety of his work had a typical element to them; these movies were based essentially on the multifaceted nature of human feelings and the entanglements of the sentiments.

His greatest ability as a director is his capacity to portray a nuanced relationship. He comprehends the intricacies and complexities of affection just as the anguish of separation and misgivings of failed opportunities.
TV Career

He has shown his great talent on the Television screen as well. In 1988, Gulzar directed the broadly acclaimed TV Serial Mirza Sahibwhich was based on the life of the extraordinary poet‘s life. The lead role was played by Naseeruddin ShahGulzar’s Mirza Ghalib shown his talent as a writer and director through a brilliant delineation of the life of the incredible and legendary poet. He also worked on other Tv Series like Tahreer Munshi Premchand Ki.

Other than Mirza Ghalib Gulzar’s TV career included composing songs and dialogues for Doordarshan TV series like Jungle BookAlice in Wonderland, Hello Zindagi and Potli Baba Ki with Vishal Bhardwaj.

He is viewed as probably the best author for kids with a few books for youngsters. Gulzar was also approached to compose the song of devotion when Indian and Pakistani media houses combined to begin a peace campaign which was called Aman ki Asha

He wrote a beautiful compilation called Nazar Main Rahte Ho which was composed by Shankar Mahadevan and Rahat Fateh Ali Khan. Gulzar has additionally worked closely with the Ghazal Maestro of India Jagjit Singh with many of his albums like Marasim, Koi Baat Chale, and so on.

Gulzar has been honored on numerous occasions for his work. This incorporates winning the National Award thrice – Best Screenplay for KoshishBest Director for Mausam, and Best Lyricist for Ijaazat. He has likewise won the Filmfare Award on various occasions.

He won the prestigious Academy Awards for the category of Best Original Song Jai Ho… for the film Slumdog Millionaire. His song likewise won a Grammy Award at the time of 2010.

Gulzar has also written various books on poetry, short stories and many other books for kids. one of his storybook for children ‘Ekta’ got the award from the National Council for Education Research and Training (NCERT) in 1989.

He also received the Sahitya Academy Award for his assortment of short stories Dhuaan. He was also honored with the lifetime achievement award for his contribution to Bollywood cinema.
He was honored with Padma Bhushan in 2004Dadasaheb Phalke Award (most noteworthy honor in Indian film), National Film Awards, also adorned his long and distinguished career.

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